The LINI Foundation and MAC Indonesia, with the support of the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, will organize the first Indonesian symposium on ornamental fish management, research and trade.
The event will be held in Hotel Aston-Senen-Jakarta on 4 November, 2008
About the symposium
The trade in marine ornamental fish continues to rise because of an increasing interest in the marine aquarium hobby, driven largely by demand from relatively wealthy people in the developed countries. In North America alone, the keeping of ornamental fish (marine and freshwater) is still the second most popular hobby after photography.
In the last two decades, Indonesia has played an important role as the major supplier of marine ornamental organisms for the aquarium trade. The biggest importing countries include the EU, USA, and Japan. More recently, people from several countries in Asia, including Singapore and China, have started to take up the marine aquarium hobby, as their human populations become more affluent. The same is happening in Indonesia.
The collection areas for these organisms are located from Weh Island in Aceh, ( the westernmost region of Indonesia), to Biak Numfor Island in west Papua, in the eastern part of Indonesia. Although small in scale compared to other, more destructive activities such as coral mining and pollution, the unregulated and uncontrolled trade of marine ornamental fish has contributed to the degradation of coral reefs in Indonesia. In particular, the use of potassium cyanide to catch fish, together with poor collecting techniques, have had a negative impact on the coral reefs. Overharvesting of desirable high value species appears to have ledto local extinctions, and populations of fish and corals in certain collection areas have plummeted.
Although this trade has continued for over twenty-five years, it is only recently that surveys have been carried out to provide the scientific evidence to support the (mainly) anecdotal information about the status of trade species, and the reefs from where they are collected.
However, collection and sale of marine ornamental fish is in many cases the only source of income for many coastal communities throughout Indonesia, who would otherwise only survive economically through the capture and sale or barter of reef fish for consumption. These fetch extremely low prices, and, without any means of cold storage, the fish must be sold within hours of capture.
Therefore, the marine ornamental fish trade urgently needs to be more carefully managed. Rational, coordinated management will have a significant positive effect on the trade, both in terms of conservation of resources and promotion of a sustainable trade for the future. Reducing overfishing and stock mortalities, and helping to reduce damage to the reefs in the collection areas are all important challenges that must be urgently addressed at the supply end if the trade is to continue.
It is timely to identify the efforts currently being implemented in Indonesia in terms of management, research, and mariculture and aquaculture, and to pinpoint challenges for the future, in order to address the various issues outlined above. Therefore, a one-day symposium on marine ornamentals management, research and trade is being organized in Jakarta.
The purpose of this symposium is to
- provide an overview of the current marine ornamentals trade,
- provide a wider understanding of the potential magnitude of the in-country demand, and
- identify ways of developing a more sustainable marine ornamental fishery here.
- Management, Trade and Government Regulations/Issues
- Culture, Conservation and Research, Safety and Fair Trade.
he Symposium will be divided into two parts:
- Invited speakers, including representatives from OFI (Ornamental Fish International), traders from the marine ornamentals industry, government officials and conservation organizations that work in this field, will present papers for the plenary session.
- A poster session, which will feature contributed papers relating to the various program themes.
Participation is open to all those interested in actively addressing the issues related to the ornamental fishery management and trade. These include:
1. Aquaculturists and mariculturists
2. Industry (exporters, suppliers, retailers)
3. Government agencies
5. Public aquaria
6. students and university faculties
7. Marine ornamentals collectors
10. The media
Use of English and Bahasa Indonesia will be acceptable for all presentations
Symposium fee is Rp. 200,000 and Rp. 150,000 for student rate.
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